Mint Explainer: Why Gender Composition At IIMs Is Getting Be


For many years, girls have had a marginal, virtually a token presence on the campuses of India’s finest B-schools—the hallowed Indian Institutes of Administration (IIMs). However a silent revolution could be brewing inside a few of the youthful IIMs, who are actually elevating the bar on gender range and serving to girls smash one other male bastion.

IIM Raipur and IIM Kozhikode are scripting historical past by handing over virtually half of the seats of their flagship PGP program to girls. All this has been performed by reorienting their admissions course of and decreasing the weightage given to the Widespread Admission Take a look at (CAT) within the number of candidates. Gender range is now given a major weightage within the choice standards. We let you know all about these winds of change sweeping the IIMs.

Why so few girls went to IIMs

CAT, the take a look at for entry into the 20 IIMs, is feared by many, with its emphasis on complicated problem-solving and quantitative expertise. It is an examination that traditionally engineers have discovered simpler to ace, making a peculiar downside for B-schools over time. An amazing variety of engineers of their school rooms meant only a few ladies managed to enter these high B-schools—in actual fact, their quantity was nearly 10% solely a decade in the past at many IIMs. Keep in mind, engineering colleges have historically been a male fortress. Over time, the IIMs have sought to make amends and have actively chosen extra girls by tweaking their admission course of. Girls now account for about 30% or extra at a lot of the IIMs.

However now, the youthful IIMs—IIM Raipur and IIM Kozhikode— are taking this reform one other step ahead by making girls virtually half of the batch-size of their flagship PGP programme. They’ve made their admission course of extra multi-dimensional and exhaustive.

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A couple of youthful IIMs have added layers to the admission course of to attain extra gender range.

Whereas the numbers of ladies rose because the IIMs did a course correction, they’ve stagnated at about 30% ranges over the previous few years. Two youthful IIMs—IIM Kozhikode and IIM Raipur—have now damaged ranks and are additional enhancing the gender combine of their school rooms, maybe setting the tempo for the opposite IIMs within the years forward.

Of their pursuit of gender range, most IIMs have diminished the significance of CAT within the admissions course of. The IIMs have added extra layers to the admission course of, making it multidimensional and even barely extra complicated to attain a good mixture of candidates. IIM Kozhikode and IIM Raipur might have solely pushed the envelope a bit additional than the others.

What has modified now?

Not so way back, until the late 90s, CAT used to resolve the destiny of most candidates with a giant weightage to this examination within the closing choice course of (for a few years, the IIMs wouldn’t disclose the CAT rating of candidates and the precise weightage given to it). Now, a lot of the IIMs, led by the youthful ones IIM Kozhikode and IIM Raipur, have adopted a two-pronged technique to make their batches extra gender-diverse.

1. Whereas the CAT stays the primary instrument to shortlist candidates for private interviews, a lot of the IIMs maintain the cut-offs comparatively low. IIM Raipur, for example, pegs the cut-off at 70 percentile for the totally different sections and an total cutoff at 92 percentile. IIM Ahmedabad retains the general CAT cut-off even decrease however calculates a composite rating to shortlist candidates for the analytical written take a look at and private interview. IIM Calcutta too screens candidates on the idea of a composite rating with CAT as solely one of many constituents.

2. Now, on the closing choice course of, the CAT rating counts even much less—beneath 50% of the whole rating throughout most institutes. And crucially gender range also can turns into a key element of the energetic number of candidates on the later levels of the admissions course of. Virtually 8% weightage is given to gender range by IIM Raipur. IIM Kozhikode too provides important weightage to a gender-diversity quotient. IIM Kozhikode says it lays better stress on educational data of scholars. Since ladies usually outperform boys in board examinations, it means extra girls on their campuses.

That is the place the youthful IIMs differ from the extra revered IIM Ahmedabad and IIM Bangalore. These older establishments too have been stressing on gender-diversity however shrink back from making it an openly-stated element of their choice course of. IIM Calcutta elements in gender range on the preliminary levels of their admission course of.

The brand new scholar combine

IIM Kozhikode had inducted extra girls than males into their PGP program in 2013 itself however the quantity dropped to beneath 30% within the later years. Weaving gender-diversity into the admission course of and better stress on educational data helped, and ladies outnumbered males in 2020 on the institute. IIM Raipur now has what’s said as a “gender-blind admission course of”— that is probably not an correct descriptor as a result of weightage to gender-diversity can simply make a distinction between choice and rejection in such a hyper-competitive admission course of. inform a narrative in themselves: IIM Raipur has 62% ladies on their campuses this yr whereas IIM Kozhikode has 47%. IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Calcutta and IIM Bangalore path at 23%, 29% and 34%.

The worldwide image

Globally, B-schools are making their school rooms extra various. The proportion of ladies on B-schools campuses has gone up from simply over 30% to 40% plus within the final decade, in accordance with Forte Basis, a consortium of main firms and high enterprise colleges. Prime colleges similar to Harvard, Yale, and Stanford have greater than 40% girls whereas a few of the Chinese language colleges even have girls making up greater than half their batch measurement. India trails means behind with solely 17% of ladies within the school rooms of B-schools, in accordance with some estimates. This distinction between the worldwide and the Indian figures is partially a mirrored image of the variations between the GMA—the admission take a look at most world B-schools have adopted—and CAT, say some consultants. GMAT has a neater quant part and has a holistic method to administration schooling (with even essays to check the general aptitude of scholars). But it surely’s by no means too late maybe. Among the main Indian b-schools are lastly waking as much as the pressing have to have girls on their campuses. This motion should collect momentum within the days, months and years forward.

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